#Yocto | Applications

#Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California | Inertial confinement fusion | Bombarding a tiny pellet of hydrogen plasma with the worlds biggest laser | Fusion reactions emit no carbon | Fusion reactions produce no long lived radioactive waste | Hydrogen fuel can power houses | Facility produced about 2.5 megajoules of energy | 120 per cent of the 2.1 megajoules of energy in the lasers

#National Ignity Facility in California | Hohlraum | Fuel capsule | Deuterium Tritium fuel inside capsule | Laser beams into hohlraum | Superhot plasma created stripped of electrons | Xrays from the effect of laser on the hohlraum blow off the surface of the capsule | The fuel layer implodes creating the conditions to fusion

#Fusion Industry Association | Fusion companies raised $2.83bn in investment

#First Light Fusion | Developing fusion energy solutions

#US National Nuclear Security Administration | National Ignition Facility in California $3.5bn (£2.85bn) experiment | Hydrogen capsule | 192 beam laser heating and compressing the hydrogen fuel | Laser beam heating the capsule to 100 million degrees Celsius | Lasers compressing hydrogen to more than 100 billion times that of Earth atmosphere | Capsule begins to implode on itself, forcing the hydrogen atoms to fuse and release energy | Helium, Neutron and energy released

#Centre for Inertial Fusion Studies at Imperial College London

#University of Oxford

#Office of Science | DOE | Supercomputer simulation of plasma | Controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction | Fusion occurs when two nuclei combine to form a new nucleus | Plasmas are gases so hot that electrons are freed from atomic nuclei | Electric and magnetic fields control the resulting collection of ions and electrons | In sufficiently high temperatures, ions can overcome repulsive electrostatic forces and fuse together | Fusion process releases energy

#Department of Energy Office of Science | DOE fusion energy program | Plasma physics | Nuclear engineering | Advanced scientific computing | ITER experiment | Tokamak | Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) program | Fusion releases energy | Mass of its bound nucleus is less than the mass of it component protons and neutrons | Mass deficit is converted to energy through Einstein equation (E=mc**2) | Equivalence of mass and energy | Product of mass (m) with the speed of light squared (c2) | Small amount of rest mass corresponds to an enormous amount of energy independent of the composition of the matter

#World Nuclear Association | Nuclear Fusion Power

#Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) | Central Laser Facility (CLF) Plasma Physics Group | Nuclear fusion involves smashing together light hydrogen elements to form heavier elements | Positive energy gain, a condition known as ignition | National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California | 2.5 MJ of energy released after using 2.1 MJ to heat the fuel with lasers | Plasma physics at Imperial College London | University of Oxford

#GeneralFusion | Magnetized Target Fusion | Plasma physics | Fusion Demo Plant | Hydrogen fused together | Liquid metal captures the energy from the fusion reaction | Metal goes through a heat exchanger to produce steam | Steam drives a turbine to create electricity

#F4E | Fusion energy | European Union

#University of California | UC | Co managing Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Achieving clean energy through fusion | Livermore Lab National Ignition Facility | NIF | Catalyzing further breakthroughs | Accelerating the development of fusion energy based on the NIF technology | Inertial confinement fusion technology

#ICF | Inertial confinement fusion | Compressing and heating targets filled with thermonuclear fuel | Targeting small spherical pellets | Pellets containing a mixture of about 10 milligrams of deuterium and tritium | Beams heat the outer layer of pellet | Pellet explodes outward | Explosion produces a reaction force against the remainder of the target | This accelerates it inwards and compresses the fuel | This process also creates shock waves that travel inward through the target |Sufficiently powerful shock waves can compress and heat the fuel at the center | Fusion occurs

#Deuterium | Separation of hydrogen isotopes in sea water

#HDO | Deutarated water | Occurs naturally in normal water at a proportion of about 1 molecule in 3,200 | 1 in 6,400 hydrogen atoms is deuterium | 1 part in 3,200 by weight (hydrogen weight) | HDO can be separated from water | Argentina | Sulzer

#Sulzer | Fluid engineering | Heavy water | HDO

#U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) | National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) | Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) | National Ignition Facility (NIF) | Scientific energy breakeven | University of Rochester Lab for Laser Energetics in New York | DOE Los Alamos National Laboratory | Sandia National Laboratories | Nevada National Security Site | General Atomics | University of Rochester Laboratory for Laser Energetics | Massachusetts Institute of Technology | University of California, Berkeley | Princeton University |United Kingdom Atomic Weapons Establishment | French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission

#Tritium | A rare and radioactive isotope of hydrogen | The nucleus of tritium contains one proton and two neutrons

#Isotope | Greek isos (equal) and topos (place) | Meaning the same place | Different isotopes of a single element occupy the same position on the periodic table

#Hydrogen isotope | Protium (1H) with zero neutrons | Deuterium (2H) with one neutron | Tritium (3H) with two neutrons

#MIT | Sensor using MRI to detect light deep in the brain

#Cholinergic Chemical Synapses

#Adrenergic Chemical Synapses

#Electrical Synapses

#Gap Junctions

#Presynaptic Membranes

#Postsynaptic Membranes

#QuickActions With Electrical Synapses

#Defensive Reflexes With Electrical Synapses

#Structural color | Chameleon like, color shifting materials | Stretching a piece of film to reveal a hidden message | Checking an arm band color to gauge muscle mass | Sporting a swimsuit that changes hue as one does laps | Elastic materials that when stretched can transform their color | Printed films revealing the imprint of objects | Structural color arising as a consequence of a material microscopic structure | Robotic skin that has a human like sense of touch | Devices for things like virtual augmented reality or medical training | University of Cambridge | The Gillian Reny Stepping Strong Center for Trauma Innovation at the Brigham | Women Hospital | National Science Foundation | MIT Deshpande Center for Technological Innovation | Samsung | MIT ME MathWorks seed fund | MIT

#Cancer Moonshot project | MemorialCare Cancer Institute | Enhertu | Breast cancer | HER2 protein | Margie Petersen Breast Center | Targeted therapy | Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

#Robotics Engineering | Intelligent Sensing for Object Recognition, Manipulation and Control | Design, Development and Simulation Tools for Robotics Development | Developing Intelligent Robots - Machine Learning on Edge, Cloud and Hybrid Architectures | Advanced Motion Control Solutions for Robotics Systems | Intelligent Vision and Sensing Solutions for Autonomous Mapping and Navigation | Motion Control for Healthcare Robotics Applications: Functional Requirements, Critical Capabilities

#MIT | White graphene nanotubes | Stronger, heat resistant composites | Membranes for renewable energy | Hollow aligned fibers, or nanotubes, made from hexagonal boron nitride | Hexagonal boron nitride ( hBN) | Fabricating aligned boron nitride nanotubes in bulk | hBN is transparent and electrically insulating | hBN to electrically insulate sensors within electronic devices | Blue energy, electricity produced from the ionic filtering of salt water into fresh water | Nanotube engineering | Hypersonic and space applications

#Jetson Orin Modules | NVIDIA | Advanced robotics and edge AI applications | Manufacturing | Logistics | Retail | Service | Agriculture | Smart city | Healthcare | Life sciences

#Taiwan Semiconductor | Arizona chip making facility | CHIPS and Science Act | Taiwan, home to 90% of the world advanced chip making

#STEP | Spherical Tokamak for Energy Production | Prototype fusion energy plant | UK Atomic Energy Authority | RACE | Materials Research Facility | H3AT | Fusion Technology Facility

#MIT | Quantum computing architecture to connect large scale devices | Interconnectint quantum information nodes | Photons travelling through special interconnects, waveguides | Waveguides supportting propagation in both the left and right directions | Means to choose the direction at will